From The Polyploidy Portal

De novo variation in life-history traits and responses to growth conditions of resynthesized polyploid Brassica napus (Brassicaceae)

Schranz ME & Osborn TC.
Department of Agronomy, University of Wisconsin–Madison, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53711 USA

Abstract:
Variation that arises in generations immediately following polyploidization may be important for the establishment, adaptation, and persistence of new polyploid species. We previously showed divergence for flowering time among lines from a resynthesized Brassica napus allopolyploid lineage derived from a cross of diploid B. rapa and B. oleracea. In this study, we more fully assess phenotypic differentiation of lines from the previously studied lineage and of lines derived from an additional resynthesized B. napus lineage. Nine polyploid lines and their diploid parents were grown under four growth conditions and measured for eight life-history traits. Polyploid lines within a lineage were expected to be genetically identical because they were derived from individual, chromosome-doubled amphihaploid plants. However, significant differences were found among lines within lineages for every phenotypic trait measured and in response to different growth conditions (genotype by environment interactions). When phenotypes of each polyploid line for each trait in each environment were compared with their diploid progenitors, approximately 30% were like one or the other parent, 50% were intermediate, and 20% were transgressive. Our results demonstrate extensive de novo variation in new polyploid lineages. Such changes could contribute to the evolutionary potential in naturally occurring polyploids.[1]

  1. Schranz ME & Osborn TC (2004) De novo variation in life-history traits and responses to growth conditions of resynthesized polyploid Brassica napus (Brassicaceae). Am J Bot 91: 174-83 PubMed
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